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Zhonghuamen

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Zhonghuamen along with Hepingmen is one of the two surviving original Ming gates.  It is the only one that is currently open to the public.  Originally it was known as Zhubaomen, but the name was changed in the early 20th century.  This gate consists of a series of courtyards linked by gates.  When it was built, the gates were topped with wooden gatehouses, but these have all disappeared over the years.  This part of the Nanjing wall was built atop the wall of the old Southern Tang city that existed prior to the Ming dynasty.

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This is a view from inside the middle courtyard looking north
2000 Kerk Phillips

Zhonghuamen was the main south gate of Nanjing and faces south, looking out over the southern moat.

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illustration from In Search of Old Nanking by Barry Till 1982 Joint Publishing Co.
Compare with the illustration of Tongjimen


photo from China’s Walled Cities by Ronald G. Knapp 2000 Oxford University Press.
 

Other photos of Zhonghuamen:

View from the south of the front of the gate

View from the top of the gate looking north into downtown Nanjing

View from the top looking east at the moat

View looking north through the series of gates