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Zhongshanmen

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Zhongshanmen is located on Zhongshan East Road and is named after Sun Yat-sen, the father of modern China.  Originally it was called Chaoyangmen, which translates roughly as the gate of the Morning Sun.  The gate is located in the east of the city and was the main east entrance.  It gave direct access to the palace city where the emperor lived and where the imperial government offices were located.  Interestingly, when the Yongle Emperor moved the capital to Beijing in 1420, he kept many of the same gate names for the Beijing city walls and Chaoyangmen is one of these.